The Plain of Issus during the Roman and late Roman periods
Information on one other site in Turkey is available. That is Kucuk Burnaz in the province of Cilicia, in the south of Turkey. The ancient kingdom of Cilicia in Asia Minor was for many years part of the Hittite Kingdom in Turkey. After the break up of Anatolia in the 7th century BC a kingdom of Cilicia was set up south of the Taurus Mountains and the Cilician kings ruled in Tarsus as vassals of the Persians. Around 103 BC Cilicia came under the sway of the Romans.
Jennifer Tobin writes that the site she published has indeed yielded some cipollino marble from Karystos. ‘All told there were 100 fragments of marble revetment found at the site, mostly from one of two bath buildings that dated to the 4th or 5th century AD. There were ten different types of marble but 20 of the fragments were Karystian. So the Karystian fragments dominated the revetment. Many of the pieces still retained saw marks, and they varied in width from .011 m. to .24 m. Since the site at Kucuk Burnaz was a harbour, there is no surprise that there should be imported marble. I also suspect that the site was a military harbour built by the emperor.’
12 (Plate 4.18)

12 Personal communication to the author from Jennifer Tobin, author of Black Cilicia, a study of the plain of Issus during the Roman and late Roman periods, BAR international series – 1275, John & Erica Hedges, Oxford, 2004.

Maps and Plates

Plate 4.18.jpg

Plate 4.18 Fragments of cipollino marble revetment, Cilicia. (Photos by Jennifer Tobin).