List of Plates

Part I - EXPORT OF THE MARBLE DURING THE ROMAN PERIOD
 

CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION
Plate 1.1 Six different examples of Karystian cipollino marble.
 

Euboea – Krio Nero
Plates 1.2A & 1.2B Remains of cipollino quarries on the side of Krio Nero, Styra, Euboea.
Plates 1.3A Side of quarry off the path to the Acropolis on the Kapsala side of Krio Nero
1.3B, & 1.3C Cipollino columns and blocks lying in the quarry on the Kapsala side of the Krio Nero, Styra, Euboea.
Plate 1.4A A cipollino column on the side of the quarry just off the path to the Acropolis, Krio Nero, Styra, Euboea.
Plate 1.4B Ruts in the path to the Acropolis, possibly where dragging and removal of columns took place, Styra, Euboea.

 

Euboea - Vatision
Plate 1.5 & 1.6 Outcrops of cipollino lying among houses in Vatision, Euboea.
 

Euboea - Myloi
Plate 1.7 Cipollino columns lying outside the quarry, Myloi, Euboea.
Plate 1.8 Other columns and partial cipollino columns lying nearby, Myloi, Euboea (Skitch 1).
Plate 1.9 Skitch 2 showing the relative position of the columns above Myloi.
Plate 1.10 The cipollino basin near the Myloi columns, Euboea.

 

Euboea – Ano Aetos
Plate 1.11 View of Roman cipollino quarry at Ano Aetos, Euboea.
Plate 1.12 Largest cipollino column at Ano Aetos quarry, Euboea.
Plate 1.13 Close up of the largest cipollino column at Aetos quarry, Euboea, showing recesses.
Plate 1.14 Eastern end of largest cipollino column at the Ano Aetos quarry, Euboea.
Plate 1.15 Single cipollino column on western side of the valley, Ano Aetos, Euboea.
Plate 1.16 Fragment of cipollino column lying in the sea at a possible embarkation point, Aetos, Euboea.
Plate 1.17 Close up of cipollino fragment lying in the sea, Aetos, Euboea.
Plate 1.18 Fragment of cipollino lying on the beach below the Svolis house at a possible embarkation point, Aetos, Euboea.
Plate 1.19 Single cipollino column lying in the Svolis’ garden, near possible embarkation point, Aetos, Euboea.Title

CHAPTER 2 – DISTRIBUTION OF CIPPOLINO MARBLE THROUGHOUT THE ROMAN EMPIRE – ITALY
 

Rome
Plate 2.1A & 2.1B Ten large cipollino columns at the Temple of Faustina and Antoninus Pius, Rome.
Plate 2.2 & 2.3 Broken fragments of cipollino, Basilica Emilia, Roman Forum.
Plates 2.4A & 2.4B Six (supposedly) cipollino columns, Portico of the Consenting Gods, Roman Forum. (2.4A zoomed, 2.4B not zoomed)
Plate 2.5 Three possible cipollino columns, Forum of Trajan, Rome.
Plate 2.6, 2.7A & 2.7B Broken fragments of cipollino, Forum of Trajan, Rome.
Plate 2.8 Piece of cipollino paving near the House of Livia, the Palatine Hill, Rome.

 

Hadrian’s Villa - Tivoli
Plate 2.9 Two cipollino columns, Building of the three Exedras, Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli.
Plates 2.10A & 2.10B The Great Thermae, Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli.
Plate 2.10C Four cipollino columns, The Great Thermae, Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli.
Plate 2.11 Cipollino sculpture of a crocodile, the Canopus, Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli.
Plate 2.12 One column, probably cipollino, Private Library, Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli.
Plate 2.13A The Island of The Maritime Theatre, Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli (reconstruction).
Plate 2.13B One column, probably cipollino, The Island of the Maritime Theatre, Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli.

 

Ostia Antica
Plate 2.14 Large cipollino fountain basin, via de Vigili, Ostia Antica.
Plate 2.15 Latrine complex at the Baths of Neptune, Ostia Antica.
Plate 2.16A & 2.16B Row of standing cipollino columns Forum delle Corporazioni (Forum of the Corporation - Theatre), Ostia Antica.

Plates 2.17A, 2.17B, 2.17C, & 2.17D Four of the cipollino columns at the Forum delle Corporazioni (Forum of the Corporation - Theatre)
Plate 2.17E Three fragments of cipollino lying in the grass, at the Forum delle Corporazioni (Forum of the Corporation - Theatre), Ostia Antica.
Plate 2.18 Two cipollino columns above and west of the Forum area, Ostia Antica.
Plates 2.19A & 2.19B Two cipollino columns in the Forum baths, Ostia Antica
Plates 2.20A & 2.20B Stumps of cipollino columns, the Forum baths, Ostia Antica.
Plate 2.21 Latrines, Via della Forica, Ostia Antica.

 

Rome - Museums
Plate 2.22 A cipollino column outside the entrance to the Palazzo Doria Pamphilj, Rome.
Plate 2.23 A cipollino column supporting vase 24, Vatican Museum, Rome.
Plate 2.24 Cipollino column supporting a male sculpture without head or arms, the Vatican museum, Rome.
Plate 2.25 Two cipollino panels, the Tapestry Room, next to the tapestry of Supper at Emmaus, Vatican Museum Rome.
Plate 2.26 A corner seat of cipollino, the Vatican Museum, Rome.
Plate 2.27 A round table containing 5-6 pieces of cipollino, the Vatican Museum, Rome.
Plate 2.28A Walls of staircase to exit (probably fake cipollino), the Vatican Museum, Rome.
Plate 2.28B Walls of final exit (probably cipollino), the Vatican Museum, Rome.
Plate 2.29 One complete cipollino column, Sala delle Oche, (Hall of the Geese) the Capitoline Museum, Rome.
Plate 2.30 One of two cipollino columns, base for the eagles, Sala delle Aquile, (Hall of the Eagles), the Capitoline Museum, Rome.

 

Rome - Churches
Plate 2.31 Rectangular pavement of cipollino, the Church of San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome.
Plate 2.32 One cipollino column first on right in the courtyard, the Church of San Clemente, Rome.
Plate 2.33 Three cipollino columns on the left hand side of the nave, the church of San Nicola in Carcere, Rome.
Plate 2.34 A cipollino column on the right hand side of the nave, third from the altar, the church of San Nicola in Carcere, Rome.
Plate 2.35A A possible fluted cipollino column first on the right after the entrance, the church of San Nicola in Carcere, Rome.
Plate 2.35B A detail of a cipollino column, the church of San Nicola in Carcere, Rome.
Plate 2.36 Panels of cipollino surrounding the main altar, the church of San Pietro in Carcere, Rome.
Plate 2.37 A cipollino marble base supporting arches and columns of other marble, on the right hand side of the nave, Church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome.

 

Venice
Plate 2.38 General view of the flooring of the Ca d’Oro (House of Gold), Venice.
Plate 2.39 & 2.40 Circular panels of cipollino on the floor, in the entrance hall of the Ca d’Oro (House of Gold), Venice.
Plate 2.41 & 2.42 Circles filled with star pattern of cipollino at the Ca d’Oro (House of Gold), Venice.
Plate 2.43 One column possibly of cipollino, the Church of San Salvador, Venice.
Plate 2.44 Possible cipollino column on far right, the Church of San Salvador, Venice.
Plate 2.45, 2.46 & 2.47 Cipollino columns on the right of the doorway, the Basilica of San Marco, Venice.
Plates 2.48 & 2.49 Close up of cipollino columns, the Basilica of San Marco, Venice.

 

Ravenna
Plate 2.50 Two cipollino columns on either side of the portico, the Church of Santa Maria in Porto, Ravenna.
Plate 2.51 Cipollino marble in the lid of a tomb, the church of San Apollinare in Clase, Ravenna.
Plate 2.52 Two cipollino columns to the right of the altar, the Church of San Giovanni Evangelista, Ravenna.

 

Pompeii
Plate 2.53 General view from the via della Marina, Pompeii.
Plate 2.54 General view, the Forum, Pompeii.
Plate 2.55, 2.56 & 2.57 Fragments of cipollino cladding on the plinths of the statues of former Roman Emperors, the Forum, Pompeii.
Plate 2.58 Cipollino fragments in general view of plinths 4 & 5 for statues, and of the entrance to the Macellum, Pompeii.
Plate 2.59 Cipollino fragments in base at left hand side of the entrance to the chapel or cult room, the Macellum, Pompeii.
Plate 2.60 Cipollino on the steps of the chapel or ‘cult room’, the Macellum, Pompeii.
Plate 2.61 Via dell’ Abondanza, Pompeii.

Plate 2.62 Bar at the intersection of via dell’Abondanza and via Stabiana with fragments of cipollino, Pompeii.
Plate 2.63 Cipollino fragments in the bar counter at the intersection of via dell’Abondanza and via Stabiana, Pompeii.
Plate 2.64 Thermae Stabianae (Stabian Baths), Pompeii.
Plate 2.65 Cipollino paving stones at the entrance to the Thermae Stabianae, (Stabian Baths), Pompeii.
Plate 2.66 Three pieces of cipollino cladding in the large bar opposite the Forum Baths, Pompeii.

Herculaneum
Plate 2.67 High walls of ‘tuff’ left after the eruption of Vesuvius, Herculaneum.
Plate 2.68 End of the bridge to the entrance of the site and Cardo III Inferiore with modern town in the background, Herculaneum.
Plate 2.69 Bar at 38-39 Cardo III Inferiore, Herculaneum.
Plate 2.70 Close up of cipollino fragments in the bar at 38-39 Cardo III Inferiore, Herculaneum.
Plate 2.71 Cipollino fragments in the opus sectile flooring outside the Casa del Salone Nero, (House of the Black Saloon) Herculaneum.
Plate 2.72 Cipollino fragments in the opus sectile flooring of the College of Augustales, Herculaneum.
Plate 2.73 Cipollino fragments in the bar at the junction of Cardo IV Superiore and the Decumanus Maximus, Herculaneum.
Plate 2.74 Cipollino fragments in the Grande Taberna, ‘best preserved shop in the town’, at the NE corner of Insula 4, Herculaneum.
Plate 2.75 Marble Room (with roof) at the Casa del Rilievo del Telefo (House of the Telephus Relief), Herculaneum.
Plate 2.76, 2.77 & 2.78 Cipollino panels in the Marble Room of the Casa del Relievo del Telefo (House of the Telephus Relief) Herculaneum.
Plate 2.79 Lower, narrower panels of cipollino in the Marble Room of the Casa del Relievo del Telefo (House of the Telephus Relief), Herculaneum.
Plate 2.80 Fragments of cipollino in the opus sectile flooring in the Marble Room of the Casa del Relievo del Telefo (House of the Telephus Relief ), Herculaneum.
Plate 2.81 Garden of the Casa dei Cervi (House of the Stags), Herculaneum.
Plates 2.82, 2.83 & 2.84 Fragments of cipollino in the flooring of the Casa dei Cervi (House of the Stags), Herculaneum.
Plate 2.85 Cipollino basin (labrum) in the Suburban Baths, Herculaneum. (Courtesy of Professor Wallace-Hadrill, Director of the Herculaneum Conservation Project).

Pozzuoli
Plate 2.86 Tufa walls and arches and entrance to the Cavea of the Amphitheatre, Pozzuoli (formerly Puteoli).
Plate 2.87 Two partial cipollino columns on the ground and general view of the Amphitheatre, Pozzuoli (formerly Puteoli).
Plate 2.88 Three large cipollino columns standing at the Macellum, Pozzuoli.
Plate 2.89 Damage done by Lithodomus lithofagus on cipollino columns in the Macellum at Pozzuoli.
Plate 2.90 Fragment of a large cipollino column lying on the ground at the south west end of the square, the Macellum, Pozzuoli.
Plate 2.91 Two smaller cipollino columns, the Macellum, on the left hand side of the Tholos (with back to the sea), Pozzuoli.
Plate 2.92 Six possible cipollino columns, the Macellum, Pozzuoli.
Pate 2.93 Fragments of cipollino columns on the north corner of the Macellum, possibly the remains of larger columns, Pozzuoli.
Plate 2.94 Half circles of cipollino in the latrines, the Macellum, Pozzuoli.
Plate 2.95 Panels of protruding cipollino at the western corner of the latrines, Macellum, Pozzuoli.
Plate 2.96 Remains of more cipollino columns on the ground, in the eastern corner of the Macellum, Pozzuoli.

 

Capri
Plate 2.97 Villa Jovis, Capri.
Plate 2.98 Four columns of cipollino, Villa Jovis, Capri (photo, Guide To Ancient Monuments, Capri).
Plate 2.99 Fragments of cipollino on the floor of the altar, the Church of San Stefano, Capri
Plate 2.100 & 2.101 Borders of cipollino in the Memorials, the church of San Stefano, Capri.
Plate 2.102 Column of cipollino in the Church of San Costanza, Capri (photo, Guide to Ancient Monuments, Capri).

 

Sorrento
Plate 2.103 Four cipollino columns in the entrance to the Archbishop’s Palace, Sorrento.

Naples
Plate 2.104 – 2.107 Four-five cipollino columns in the Crypt, at the Duomo or Cathedral of San Gennaro, Naples.
Plate 2.108 Cipollino marble on the steps leading to the Crypt, at the Duomo, or Cathedral of San Gennaro, Naples.
Plates 2.109 & 2.10 Cipollino columns in the Baptistry, at the Duomo, or the Cathedral of San Gennaro, Naples.
Plate 2.111 Two smaller highly polished cipollino columns surrounding the memorial plaque, at the Duomo, or Cathedral of San Gennaro, Naples.
Plate 2.112 Cipollino base for the statue of the Faun, the Archaeological Museum, Naples.

 

Sicily - Cefalu
Plate 2.113 Cipollino column at Cathedral of Cefalu, Sicily.

CHAPTER 3 – DISTRIBUTION OF CIPPOLINO MARBLE THROUGHOUT THE ROMAN EMPIRE – GREECE
 

Athens
Plate 3.1 Seven cipollino columns still standing, flanking the Propylon at Hadrian’s Library, Athens.
Plate 3.2 The author with six of the seven cipollino columns in Hadrian’s Library, Athens.
Plate 3.3 Three middle cipollino columns, one with bands, Hadrian’s Library, Athens.
Plate 3.4 Two cipollino columns on the right, Hadrian’s Library, Athens.
Plate 3.5 Close up of a cipollino base, Hadrian’s Library, Athens.
Plates 3.6 Cipollino paving outside the Acropolis Museum.

 

Corinth
Plate 3.7 & 3.8 A cipollino slab at the spring of Peirene, ancient Corinth.
Plate 3.9 Close up of the cipollino slab at Spring of Peirene, showing
cipollino markings, ancient Corinth.
Plate 3.10 Fragments of cipollino on the north side of the courtyard, ancient Corinth.
Plate 3.11 A cipollino column lying on the edge of the south stoa, ancient Corinth.

 

Nemea
Plate 3.12 One small cipollino column in the Temple of Zeus, Nemea.
 

Argos
Plate 3.13 One cipollino column in the baths area, Argos.
Plate 3.14 One broken cipollino column south east of the walls of the baths, Argos.
Plate 3. 15 A small fragment of cipollino, numbered 84, Argos.
Plate 3.16 Two incomplete columns of cipollino, lying nearly at right angles, Argos.

 

Olympia
Plate 3.17 Two cipollino columns in the area of the Nymphaeum of Herod Atticus, Olympia.
Plate 3.18 Fragments of cipollino columns in the area of the Nymphaeum of Herod Atticus, Olympia.
Plate 3.19 Reconstruction, showing the Nymphaeum and background, Olympia.

 

Osias Lukas
Plate 3.20 Fragments of cipollino in the garden of the monastery of Osias Lukas.
 

Delos
Plate 3.21 Two small columns of cipollino in Insula Bloc 5, Delos.
Plate 3.22 Small fragment of cipollino on the path just outside the Insula of Jewels, Delos.
Plate 3.23 Broken fragment of cipollino in the Granite Palaestra, Delos.

 

Eretria
Plates 3.24 & 3.25 Small cipollino column furthest to the left, lying in the garden of the Archaeological Museum, Eretria.
 

Karystos
Plate 3.26 Cipollino base for the statue of Plotius Leonides, the Archaeological Museum, Karystos.
Plate 3.27 Detail of the base for the statue of Plotius Leonides, the Archaeological Museum, Karystos.
Plate 3.28 Cipollino column (1) in the garden of the Archaeological Museum, nearest to the Bourtzi, Karystos.
Plate 3.29 Cipollino column (2) in the garden of the Archaeological Museum, furthest from the Bourtzi, Karystos.
Plate 3.30 Smaller, incomplete cipollino column, lying at the edge of the garden of the Archaeological Museum, Karystos.
Plate 3.31 Second smaller incomplete column at the edge of the garden of the Archaeological Museum, Karystos.

Plate 3.32 Cipollino sarcophagus (1) in the Archaeological Museum garden, Karystos.
Plate 3.33 Cipollino sarcophagus (2) in the Archaeological Museum garden, Karystos.
Plate 3.34 Cipollino clad town war memorial to those who died between 1940 and 1944, Karystos.
Plates 3.35 & 3.36 Cipollino supporting blocks for the harbour wall, Karystos.

CHAPTER 4 – DISTRIBUTION OF CIPPOLINO MARBLE THROUGHOUT THE ROMAN EMPIRE – TURKEY
 

Ephesus
Plates 4.1 & 4.2 Cipollino columns at the entrance to the theatre, Ephesus.
Plate 4.3 A partial cipollino column in the Marble Walk, Ephesus.
Plate 4.4 Three of the six cipollino columns in the Baths of Scholastica, Ephesus.

 

Pergamon
Plate 4.5 Two incomplete cipollino columns in the Aesklepion, Pergamon.
Plate 4.6 Close up one of the cipollino columns in the Aesklepion, Pergamon.


Istanbul
Plate 4.7A, 4.7B & 4.7C, 4.8A, 4.8B & 4.8C, 4.9A, 4.9B & 4.9C & 4.10 Cipollino revetments on the 3 faces of the 4 piers along the, nave of Aghia Sophia (St Sophia), Istanbul. (Photos by Schneiders).
Plate 4.11 A cipollino column in the garden of Aghia Sophia, Istanbul.
Plate 4.12 A partial cipollino column, cut possibly to form revetments inside Aghia Sophia, Istanbul.
Plate 4.13 Three cipollino columns in the Topkapi Saray garden, near the Treasury Entrance, Istanbul.
Plate 4.14 A cipollino column on the other side of the arch leading to the restaurant, Topkapi Saray, Istanbul.
Plate 4.15 Walls painted to resemble cipollino marble panelling at the Kariye Camii (Kariye Mosque), Istanbul. General view of the inner narthex, looking south. (Photo – Courtesy of Archaeology and Art Publications, photo by Gültekin Tetik).
Plate 4.16 Four cipollino columns in the churchyard of the church of St John of Stoudion, Istanbul.
Plate 4.17 Three of the four columns in the churchyard of the church of St John of Stoudion, Istanbul.

 

Cilicia
Plate 4.18 Fragments of cipollino marble revetment, Cilicia. (Photos by Jennifer Tobin).

CHAPTER 5 – DISTRIBUTION OF CIPPOLINO MARBLE THROUGHOUT THE ROMAN EMPIRE –  LIBYA
 

Sabratha
Plate 5.1 One of the cipollino columns outside the Museum, Sabratha.
Plate 5.2 Cipollino paving in the Temple of the South, Sabratha.
Plate 5.3 Temple of the South, Sabratha.
Plate 5. 4 Cipollino columns at the Temple of the South, Sabratha.
Plates 5.5 & 5.6 Cipollino columns at the Basilica of Apuleius, Sabratha.
Plate 5.7 Columns of granite and cipollino at the Curia Arch and Portico, Sabratha.
Plate 5.8 Cipollino marble pulpit at the Basilica of Justinian, Sabratha.
Plate 5.9 Latrines made of cipollino marble and incomplete and broken cipollino columns, Sabratha.
Plate 5.10 Partial cipollino columns at the Seaward Baths, Sabratha.
Plate 5.11 One cipollino column at the Temple of Hercules, Sabratha.

 

Tocra
Plate 5.12 One possible column of cipollino, Tocra.
 

Ptolomais
Plate 5.13 A cipollino column near the Museum, Ptolomais.
 

Cyrene
Plate 5.14 Part of a cipollino column at the Odeon, Cyrene.
Plate 5.15 Blocks of cipollino in the Agora, near the northern stoa, Cyrene.
Plate 5.16 Two cipollino columns at the Sanctuary of Apollo, Cyrene.
Plate 5.17 Two cipollino columns at Trajan’s baths, Cyrene.

 

Apollonia
Plate 5.18 The Theatre, showing the lost harbour and present coast line, Apollonia.
Plate 5.19 Cipollino column (with cross), the Central Church, Apollonia.
Plate 5.20 14 of the 20 columns of the Eastern Church, mostly cipollino, Apollonia.

 

Leptis Magna
Plate 5.21 Entrance to the Amphitheatre, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.22 A fragment of a cipollino column in the floor of the Amphitheatre, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.23 Cipollino in the Arch of Severus, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.24 Cipollino columns at the entrance to the Palaestra, Hadrian Baths, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.25 A large fragment of a cipollino column leaning against the wall of the Palaestra, Hadrian’s Baths,

Plate 5.26 Second large fragment of a cipollino column leaning against the wall of the Palaestra, Hadrian’s Baths, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.27 Two blocks of cipollino marble, the Palaestra, Hadrian’s Baths, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.28 Two complete cipollino columns and one broken column in the area of Hadrian’s Baths, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.29 Cipollino marble latrines, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.30 Seven standing cipollino columns in the Nymphaeum, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.31 Five - six cipollino columns in the Byzantine Church, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.32 Two cipollino columns and some other fragments lying on the ground in the Forum of Severus, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.33 Cipollino columns standing and lying on the ground in the Colonnaded Street, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.34 The aisle connecting the Colonnaded Street with the Old Forum.
Plate 5.35 Cipollino in the Old Forum, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.36 Large cipollino columns abandoned by the French, Leptis Magna.
Plate 5.37 The Drama Theatre, Leptis Magna


Tripoli
Plate 5.38 The author standing next to a cipollino column in the Medina, Tripoli.

CHAPTER 6 – DISTRIBUTION OF CIPPOLINO MARBLE THROUGHOUT THE ROMAN EMPIRE – TUNISIA
 

Carthage
Plate 6.1 The Byrsa Hill with the Cathedral of St Louis, Carthage.
Plate 6.2 The author with one cipollino column among a row of
broken columns, Byrsa Hill, Carthage.
Plate 6.3 Marble model of the Antonine Baths, Carthage.
Plate 6.4 The ruins of the Antonine Baths, Carthage.
Plate 6.5 The first cipollino column lying in the Antonine Baths, Carthage.
Plate 6.6 The second cipollino column lying in the Antonine Baths, Carthage.
Plates 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10 & 6.11 Squares of marble mosaic, many of which are made up of cipollino fragments, in the floor of the

Roman Villa de Volière, Carthage.
 

Dougga
Plate 6.12 The Capitol, made of local limestone, Dougga.
Plate 6.13 Two fragments of cipollino in the wall leading up to the Capitol, Dougga.
Plate 6.14 Three small fragments of cipollino in the wall leading to
The Frigidarium, Dougga.


Thuburbo Maius
Plates 6.15A & 6.15 B Two cipollino columns, one complete, with Corinthian capital, and one with broken top,

in the Forum, northeast of the Capitol, Thuburbo Maius.
Plates 6.16A & 6.16B Five cipollino columns, three complete and with Corinthian capitals, and two broken,

in the southern corner of the Forum, Thuburbo Maius.
Plate 6.17 Three pieces of broken cipollino lying on the ground in the third and western corner of the Forum,

Thuburbo Maius.
 

Kairouan
Plate 6.18 General view of the Great Mosque of Kairouan.
Plate 6.19 Two or three cipollino columns, the Eastern Gallery, the Kairouan Mosque, Kairouan.
Plate 6.20 Two slightly damaged cipollino columns, the Western Gallery, the Kairouan Mosque, Kairouan.
Plate 6.21 One, possibly two, cipollino columns in the façade of the prayer room of the Kairouan Mosque, Kairouan.
Plate 6.22 Two or three cipollino columns in the Prayer Room of the Kairouan Mosque, Kairouan.

 

El Jem
Plate 6.23 The Amphitheatre, El Jem.
Plate 6.24 Possible pieces of cipollino in the Roman Villa mosaic in the Museum, El Jem.
Plate 6.25 One complete cipollino column with a collar, near the ruins of the Villas, El Jem.
Plate 6.26 One incomplete cipollino column with a break at the top, near the ruins of the Villas, El Jem.
Plate 6.27 One cipollino column with a break at the top, near the ruins of the Villas, El Jem.
Plate 6.28 One short cipollino column with a small circular hole at the top, near the ruins of the Villas, El Jem.
Plate 6.29 One very short incomplete cipollino column, partly buried in the ground, near the ruins of the Villas, El Jem.
Plate 6.30 One incomplete cipollino column near the ruins of the Villas, where two paths meet, El Jem.

CHAPTER 7 – DISTRIBUTION OF CIPPOLINO MARBLE THROUGHOUT THE ROMAN EMPIRE

OTHER AREAS – Egypt, Morocco, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Cyprus, Israel, Croatia, Lebanon
Plates 7.1, 7.2, 7.3 & 7,4 Cipollino columns at Tyre and Sidon. (Photos - Vronwy Hankey, Bulletin du Musée de Beyrouth).
 

Cyprus
Plate 7.5 Four possible cipollino columns in the Colonnade, on the south side of the Chrisopolitissa basilica, Paphos.

(Photo - Dr Jane Grayson).
Plate 7.6 Three or four cipollino columns, two with Corinthian capitals and one without, near the Chrisopolitissa basilica, Paphos.

(Photo - Dr Jane Grayson).
Plate 7.7 Two incomplete cipollino columns near the Chrysopolitissa Basilica, Paphos. (Photo - Dr Jane Grayson).
Plate 7.8 Two incomplete fragments of cipollino columns, lying in the grounds of the Chrysopolitissa basilica, Paphos.

PART II - USE OF THE MARBLE DURING THE LATER, PARTICULARLY THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES
CHAPTER 8 - UNITED KINGDOM

 

Westminster Cathedral, London
Plate 8.1 A cipollino panel in the main porch entrance, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.2 Cipollino panels in the side porch entrance, above and around the doors, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.3 Circular cipollino panel on the floor of the south side of the narthex, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.4 A cipollino panel on the floor of the south side of the narthex, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.5A & 8.5B A rectangular cipollino clad panel with a semi-circular recess and a statue of St Anthony,

Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.6 Cipollino clad piers at the side of the Baptistry and the Chapel of St Augustine, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.7A Entrance to the Baptistry and Chapel of St. Augustine, Westminster Cathedral, London
Plate 8.7B Six semi-circular pieces of cipollino around the font, panels on the walls, a piece on the steps and more on the floor of the

Baptistry, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.7C Three panels of cipollino above the altar in the Chapel of St Augustine, Westminster Abbey, London.
Plate 8.7D Two columns of cipollino outside the steps of the Chapel of St Augustine, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.8 & 8.9 Three rectangular piers faced with cipollino in the south aisle, Westminster Cathedral,
London.
Plate 8.10 A large rectangular panel of cipollino on the floor of the south aisle, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.11 Cipollino clad panels on the walls between the confession boxes, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.12 A piece of cipollino on the floor under the prayer stools, Chapel of St Patrick, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.13 A cipollino column outside the Chapel of St Patrick, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.14 Cipollino panelling on the east wall, above the altar, the Chapel of St Andrew, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.15 Two panels of cipollino, framing one of porphyry, on the south wall of the Chapel of St Andrew,

Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.16 & 8.17 Cipollino fish and snake in Iona green marble flooring, Chapel of St Andrew, Westminster Cathedral,

London.(Photo - Dr Jane Grayson).
Plate 7.9 Possible fragment of cipollino in the grounds of the Chrisopolitissa Basilica, Paphos.
Plate 7.10 St Paul’s pillar, probably cipollino, Paphos. (Photo - Dr Jane Grayson).

Plate 8.18 Cipollino panels on each side of the altar, the Chapel of St Paul, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.19 Cipollino panels along the south wall of the Chapel of St Paul, broken by small columns of pavonazzo marble,

Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.20 One column of cipollino marble near the Chapel of St Paul, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.21 Panels of cipollino on either side of the steps of the Lady Chapel, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.22 Panel of cipollino below the altar, the Lady Chapel, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.23 One cipollino column, paired with one of breccia, a few metres north of the Lady Chapel, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.24 Cipollino panelling behind the altar (as in St Peter’s Church, Edinburgh), two large cipollino clad piers on each side of the

steps and 12 panels below the altar, the Sanctuary, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.25 Cipollino panelling on each side of the altar and below, the Chapel of the Sacred Heart, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.26 A large panel of cipollino on the floor of the east end of the north aisle, entrance to the Chapel of St Thomas of

Canterbury, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.27 Cipollino panelling above the door on the north side of the Chapel of St Thomas of Canterbury,

Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8. 28 Cipollino panel over the altar, the Chapel of Holy Souls, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.29 Nine panels of cipollino on north wall of the Chapel of St Joseph, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.30 Cipollino panelling behind the altar, the Chapel of St Joseph, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.31 Cipollino panelling on the lower part of the west wall, Chapel of St Joseph, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.32 One large cipollino column outside the Chapel of St Joseph, Westminster Cathedral, London.
Plate 8.33 Cipollino panelling on the arches of the narthex, Westminster Cathedral, London.

 

The Royal Academy of Arts, London
Plates 8.34 & 8.35 Cipollino columns at the base of the great staircase at the Royal Academy of Arts, London.
Plates 8.36 Cipollino pilasters at the base of the grand staircase at the Royal Academy of Arts, London.
The Durbar Court, FCO, London
Plate 8.37A Central rectangle of cipollino flooring in the Durbar Court, the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, London.
Plate 8.37B Smaller panel of cipollino flooring in the Durbar Court, the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, London.
Plate 8.37C Corner strip of cipollino flooring in the Durbar Court, the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, London.
Plate 8.37D Detail of cipollino flooring in the Durbar Court, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London.

 

The Athenaeum, London
Plate 8.38A & 8.38B Cipollino panels inset into the balustrade of the Athenaeum, Pall Mall, London; and close up of panels.
Plate 8.39 Six cipollino panels on right hand side of staircase, on the left hand side of the entrance leading to the lift, the Athenaeum, London.
Plate 8.40 Four cipollino panels on the right hand side of the entrance to the lift, the Athenaeum, London.
Plate 8.41A Six cipollino panels to the left of the staircase in the entrance to the Athenaeum, London.
Plate 8.41B Cipollino cladding above the smaller staircase on the left hand side of the entrance, Athenaeum, London.
Plate 8.42 Three cipollino panels on the left hand side of the entrance, the lower part of the smaller staircase, Athenaeum, London.
Plate 8.43 Narrow bands of cipollino on each side of the walls of the entrance hall, the Athenaeum, London.


The Old Bailey, London
Plate 8.44 Two cipollino columns, near the Grand staircase, the Grand Entrance, The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.45 Cipollino clad pier at each side of Court No 17, the Grand Entrance, The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.46 Sets of cipollino clad piers and cipollino columns at each side of the Grand Staircase, the Grand Entrance,

The Old Bailey, London.
Plates 8.47 Large cipollino columns and cipollino clad piers on left hand side of the Grand Staircase, the Grand Entrance,

The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.48 Large cipollino marble columns and cipollino clad piers on right hand side of the Grand staircase, the Grand Entrance,

The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.49 Strips of cipollino on the Grand Staircase leading to the Grand Hall, The Old Bailey.

Plate 8.50 Semi-circular and horizontal strips of cipollino at the end of the corridor leading to courts 5-8, the Grand Hall,

The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.51 Cipollino clad piers on either side of the door leading to courts 5-8, the Grand Hall, The Old Bailey. London.
Plate 8.52 Cipollino clad piers on either side of the door marked ‘Shorthand Writers’ the Grand Hall, The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.53 Rows of cipollino clad piers on either side of the corridor leading to courts 5-8, the Grand Hall, The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.54 Cipollino strips decorating the walls of the corridor leading to courts 5-8, with panels of pavonazzo marble, the Grand Hall,

The Old Bailey, London.
Plate 8.55 Two sets of cipollino clad piers in the Grand Hall, The Old Bailey, London.
Plates 8.56 & 8.57 Cipollino clad niches, one empty, one with statue of Charles I, the Grand Hall, The Old Bailey, London.


The Drapers’ Hall, London
Plate 8.58 Cipollino clad piers to the right and left of the Entrance, the Drapers’ Hall, London.
Plate 8.59 One cipollino clad pier to the right of the statue, the Drapers’ Hall, London.
Plate 8.60 One cipollino clad pier to the left of the staircase, the Drapers’ Hall, London.
Plate 8.61 The staircase landing at the Drapers’ Hall, London,
showing the cipollino marble cladding of the walls. (Photo - courtesy of the History of the Drapers’ Hall).
Plate 8.62 Eight cipollino panels (made up of four matching pieces of cipollino), interspersed with columns of breccia, on the wall

of the first landing of staircase, the Drapers’ Hall, London.
Plate 8.63 Cipollino cladding of the wall on the second landing, interspersed with Ionic columns of breccia, the Drapers’ Hall, London.
Plate 8.64 Three panels of cipollino cladding (made up of four matching pieces of cipollino) above the wooden dado, on the wall

to the right of the door to the Banqueting Room, ‘The Landing’, the Drapers’ Hall, London.
Plate 8.65 Cipollino cladding on the walls of ‘The Landing’, formerly first floor drawing room. Three panels of marble on each side

of the mirror (made up of four matching pieces of cipollino), the Drapers’ Hall, London.
Plate 8.66 Three panels of cipollino marble on the wall opposite Plate 8.64, (made up of four matching pieces of cipollino in the

same way) the Drapers’ Hall, London.


St Peter’s Italian Church, London
Plate 8.67 Four cipollino decorations on the balustrades on each side of the steps below the Sanctuary, St Peter’s Italian Church, London.
Plate 8.68 The two different style cipollino decorations on the balustrades, on each side of the steps below the Sanctuary,

St Peter’s Italian Church, London.
Plate 8.69 Close up of the cipollino decoration on the balustrades on each side of the steps below the Sanctuary,

St Peter’s Church, London.


Natural History Museum, London
Plate 8.70 & 8.71 Marble samples in the Corsi tables, the Natural History Museum, London
 

Saint Sophia or the Church of the Wisdom of God, Lower Kingswood, Surrey
Plate 8.72 Saint Sophia or the Church of the Wisdom of God, Lower Kingswood, Surrey.
Plate 8.73 Marble cladding in the apse of the Church of the Wisdom of God, Lower Kingswood, Surrey. The darker pieces at

the sides are the Karystian cipollino.
Plate 8.74 Close up of the Karystian cipollino panels in the apse, the Church of the Wisdom of God, Lower Kingswood, Surrey.
Plate 8.75 Karystian cipollino in the apse (two panels in each corner) below the altar, the Church of the Wisdom of God,

Lower Kingswood, Surrey.
Plates 8.76 Panels of cipollino on the walls of the Baptistry, behind the font, the Church of the Wisdom of God, Lower Kingswood, Surrey.

 

Surrey House, Norwich
Plate 8.77 Surrey House, Norwich, formerly the old Norwich Union building, Surrey Street, Norwich.
Plate 8.78 Eight cipollino columns in the main entrance, the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.79 Eight cipollino columns at the north east entrance, (opposite main entrance) the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.80 Four cipollino columns, the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.81 Four cipollino columns at the south east side of the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.82 Four cipollino marble columns at the north west side of the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.83 Panels of cipollino above the marble columns, the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.

Plate 8.84 Bands of cipollino above the marble columns, the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.85 Panels of red Rosso marble with borders of cipollino, the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.86 Two smaller cipollino panels on the higher level of the left hand side of staircase, Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.87 Three cipollino panels of 4 sections each on the right hand side of the first flight of stairs, the Marble Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.88 Three cipollino panels in four sections on the right hand side of the staircase, higher level,
containing portraits, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.89 One of three cipollino panels of two sections each, under the window on the staircase, the Marble
Hall, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.90 Oval panel of cipollino on the floor of the landing, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.91 Star shaped, 16 sided cipollino panel on the floor of the landing, Surrey House, Norwich.
Plate 8.92 Cipollino wall panel (one at each end) at the end of the landing, Surrey House, Norwich.

 

St Peter’s Church, Edinburgh
Plate 8.93 St Peter’s Church, Falcon Avenue, Edinburgh.
Plate 8.94 The Sanctuary (with cipollino marble behind the curtains), St Peter’s Church, Falcon Avenue, Edinburgh.
Plate 8.95 16 cipollino panels behind the altar, St Peter’s Church, Falcon Avenue, Edinburgh.
Plate 8.96 & 8.97 Cipollino panels on the floor below the Sanctuary, inset with Silesian marble fish, St Peter’s Church, Falcon Avenue, Edinburgh.
Plate 8.98 Cipollino plinth with statue of St Peter, St Peter’s Church, Falcon Avenue, Edinburgh.

 

CHAPTER 9 – FURTHER EXAMPLES
Plates 9.1 & 9.2 Cipollino marble-lined façade of the Loos House – Michaelerplatz, Vienna.
Plates 9.3, 9.4 & 9.5 Cipollino marble flooring in the Louvre, Paris.