PTOLEMAIS
Thirty seven kilometres from Tocra lies the ancient ruined city of Ptolemais, another of the five cities of the Pentapolis. Only 10 per cent of the city has been excavated and this part dates from the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. From the entrance the city extends up hill along the first cardo, the Decumanus and the second cardo, to the Villa of the Four Seasons, from which the remarkable mosaics are shown in the museum; to the Odeon or small theatre; the villa of Columns (mostly made of sandstone); and finally to the Agora with one of the most striking features of the site. This is the cistern built underneath and fed through canals with water from the surrounding hills.


At the crossroads of the cardo, by the tetrastilio, are four to five fragments of cipollino. One has a diameter of .47 m. /1.58 Rf, another with a collar is 1.88 m./6.35 Rf long, a further piece has broken ends and measures 3.06 m. /10.33 Rf long and finally there are two broken pieces with diameters of .49 m. /1.65 Rf.

By the museum is a double flat column of cipollino measuring 1.45 m. /4.89 Rf high, .51 m. /1.72 Rf wide and .20 m. /.67 Rf deep (Plate 5.13).

Maps and Plates

Plate 5.13.jpg

Plate 5.13 A cipollino column near the Museum, Ptolomais.